Prostate cancer starts when cells within the prostate organ begin to develop out of control. The prostate is a gland found only in men. It makes some of the liquid that’s part of semen.
The prostate is located underneath the bladder (the empty organ where urine is stored) and in front of the rectum (the last part of the digestive tract). Just behind the prostate are organs called seminal vesicles that make most of the liquid for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate.
In youthful men, it is almost the size of a walnut, but it can be much bigger in older men.
Types of prostate cancer
Nearly all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the organ cells (the cells that make the prostate liquid that’s added to the semen).
Other types of cancer that can start within the prostate include:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
- Transitional cell carcinomas
These other types of prostate cancer are uncommon. If you’re told you’ve got it, it is nearly certain to be an adenocarcinoma.
A few prostate cancers develop and spread rapidly, but most develop gradually. In reality, autopsy studies show that many older men (and indeed a few younger men) who died of other causes had prostate cancer that never influenced them during their lives. In numerous cases, neither they nor their doctors indeed knew they had it. However, the cost of treatment is less than the cost of Pancreatic Cancer in India.
Possible pre-cancerous conditions of the prostate
Some research recommends that prostate cancer begins out as a precancerous condition, even though this is not yet known beyond any doubt. These conditions are now and then found when a man has a prostate biopsy (the evacuation of little pieces of the prostate to look for cancer).
Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (Pin)
In Pin, there are changes in how the prostate organ cells look when seen with a magnifying lens, but the anomalous cells do not look like they are growing into other parts of the prostate (like cancer cells would). Based on how abnormal the patterns of cells look, they are classified as:
The designs of prostate cells appear nearly normal.
The patterns of the cells look more abnormal.
Low-grade PIN isn’t thought to be related to a man’s chance of prostate cancer. On the other hand, high-grade pin is thought to be a conceivable forerunner to prostate cancer. If you have a prostate biopsy and a high-grade PIN is found, there’s a more noteworthy chance that you might develop it over time.
Pin starts to appear within the prostates of some men as early as in their 20s. However, numerous men with PIN will never develop.
Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA)
In PIA, the prostate cells look smaller than normal, and there are signs of irritation within the area. PIA isn’t cancer, but analysts accept that PIA may sometimes lead to high-grade PIN, or perhaps directly to prostate cancer
Healthcare is a subject of comprehensive care and all-round facilitation for the patient. We at Ortil Healthcare recognize the profound impact of prostate cancer treatment costs in India, which lie between Rs. 95,000 and Rs. 3,50,000 minimum, on individuals. We also emphasize the importance of preventive measures, research, and innovative treatments to enhance the quality of life for those affected.